Leif Gram: Mr. Fix


Как М.С.Горбачев не был последним Генеральным Секретарем ЦК КПСС, так и Вашингтон не был первым президентом США: http://marshallhall.org/hanson.html
Это я почему такой умный? Дочь показала в учебнике истории.
  • Current Mood: amused amused
Ага, тоже полез туда, понравилась фраза: Because of this, some of his descendants, along with some amateur historians, erroneously claimed that he had actually been the first President of the United States. Вот не знаю, обижаться на определение «историк-любитель» или гордиться им.
Путаница идет во многом от того, что законодательно-исполнительное собрание (по сути, что-то типа Съезда народных депутатов) тогда по привычке называли Continental Congress, историки, чтобы не путать с первыми двумя Continental Congress, собиравшимися до объявления независимости и принятия Articles of Confederation, называют Congress of Confederation, а в тексте Articles это называется "The United States in Congress assembled" (понятно, почему это название не использовалось).

Председатель исполкома там мельком упомянут в статье о собственно исполкоме:

The United States in Congress assembled shall have authority to appoint a committee, to sit in the recess of Congress, to be denominated 'A Committee of the States', and to consist of one delegate from each State; and to appoint such other committees and civil officers as may be necessary for managing the general affairs of the United States under their direction -- to appoint one of their members to preside, provided that no person be allowed to serve in the office of president more than one year in any term of three years; to ascertain the necessary sums of money to be raised for the service of the United States, and to appropriate and apply the same for defraying the public expenses -- to borrow money, or emit bills on the credit of the United States, transmitting every half-year to the respective States an account of the sums of money so borrowed or emitted -- to build and equip a navy -- to agree upon the number of land forces, and to make requisitions from each State for its quota, in proportion to the number of white inhabitants in such State; which requisition shall be binding, and thereupon the legislature of each State shall appoint the regimental officers, raise the men and cloath, arm and equip them in a solid-like manner, at the expense of the United States; and the officers and men so cloathed, armed and equipped shall march to the place appointed, and within the time agreed on by the United States in Congress assembled. But if the United States in Congress assembled shall, on consideration of circumstances judge proper that any State should not raise men, or should raise a smaller number of men than the quota thereof, such extra number shall be raised, officered, cloathed, armed and equipped in the same manner as the quota of each State, unless the legislature of such State shall judge that such extra number cannot be safely spread out in the same, in which case they shall raise, officer, cloath, arm and equip as many of such extra number as they judeg can be safely spared. And the officers and men so cloathed, armed, and equipped, shall march to the place appointed, and within the time agreed on by the United States in Congress assembled.

И еще об исполкоме и его членах:
The Committee of the States, or any nine of them, shall be authorized to execute, in the recess of Congress, such of the powers of Congress as the United States in Congress assembled, by the consent of the nine States, shall from time to time think expedient to vest them with; provided that no power be delegated to the said Committee, for the exercise of which, by the Articles of Confederation, the voice of nine States in the Congress of the United States assembled be requisite.

Так что из текста даже неясно, как называется его должность. По логике, The president of the Committee of the States.
А, да. И должности президента конгресса там тоже нет.