Leif Gram: Mr. Fix

Не только бога, но и дизайнеров тоже нет

Помните, республиканцы предлагали эпистемиологический эксперимент: "доказать", что разнообразие современного модельного ряда автомобилей является результатом накопления ошибок при копировании чертежей на автозаводе?
Так и оказалось!!!
The researchers found that a key feature affecting a violin's sound is the shape and length of its "f-holes," the f-shaped openings through which air escapes: The more elongated these are, the more sound a violin can produce. What's more, an elongated sound hole takes up little space on the violin, while still producing a full sound -- a design that the researchers found to be more power-efficient than the rounder sound holes of the violin's ancestors, such as medieval fiddles, lyres, and rebecs.

The thickness of a violin's back plate also contributes to its acoustic power. Violins carved from wood are relatively elastic: As the instrument produces sound, the violin's body may respond to the air vibrations, contracting and expanding minutely. A thicker back plate, they found, would boost a violin's sound.

The researchers found that as violins were crafted first by Amati, then Stradivari, and finally Guarneri, they slowly evolved to more elongated f-holes and thicker back plates.

But were the design changes intentional? To answer this question, the researchers worked the measurements from hundreds of Cremonese-era violins into an evolutionary model, and found that any change in design could reasonably be explained by natural mutation -- or, in this case, craftsmanship error.

In other words, makers may have crafted violins with longer sound holes and thicker back plates not by design, but by accident.
Точно помню, что видел эксперименты с формой и положением отверстия в верхней деке. Правда, как они звучали, по сравнению с классическим вариантом, уже не помню.